Looking back on the year that went by, we wonder what is left behind for us to cherish. The year 2015 saw some of the best advancements and achievements in the medical world and busted quite a few myths about health and wellness.
Medical buzz that made major headlines in healthcare sector in 2015:
- The world’s first Vaccination for Dengue fever was approved by the National Regulatory Authority of Mexico, marking a significant landmark in preventing this mosquito-borne infection, which is prevalent worldwide. Nearly half of the world’s population now lives in Dengue-endemic countries, and an estimated 390 million infections occur each year (Break throughs 2015).
- New child-friendly TB medicine in correct fixed dose will be now available to health workers. TB Alliance and partners introduced this drug in November 2015 to improve treatment for the one million children who get infected with tuberculosis (TB) each year. Presently there are no appropriate TB drugs for children, and parents need to cut or crush the pills to approximate the correct dose for children creating uncertainty about whether children receive the right dose. The new medicine tastes good and is simple to provide; just apt for children.
- First paediatric antimalarial drugs by Pyramax® approved for treatment of multiple episodes of malaria in children. The medicine has received a positive scientific opinion from the European Medicines Agency (EMA) and has made its way for regulatory approval (Break throughs 2015).
- Cuba becomes the world’s first country to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis, validated from WHO. Dr. Margaret Chan, WHO Director-General, quoted that “Eliminating transmission of a virus is one of the greatest public health achievements possible.” It is a big achievement as every year nearly 1.4 million women living with HIV become pregnant and there are fair chances of transmitting the virus to the baby. Cuba proved that when efforts are directed in right directions anything can be achieved (WHO 2015).
- End of Ebola transmission in Guinea, Dr. Mohammed Belhocine, head of WHO country office declared the end of Ebola virus transmission in the Republic of Guinea on the 29th December 2015. Guinea has a heightened surveillance to ensure that any new cases are identified quickly before they can spread to other people. The new Ebola cured case was reported after 42 days during the surveillance period from the Ebola treatment unit of Nongo, in Conakry (WHO 2015).
- The Paris Climate Summit, November 2015: France welcomed leaders from 195 countries coming together and signing an agreement to help implement steps to curb down Global warming in protecting the health of people. It was an appeal to every person to be responsible in conserving natural environment and climate. (CEBu 2015).
- World Health Organisation introduced Universal Health Coverage insisting all the countries to introduce health care services to people, which include prevention, treatment, health promotion and palliative care, without suffering financial hardship. The global coalition emphasises the importance of access to quality health care services across the globe.
Did you know?
Consuming processed meat is linked to cancer: In October 2015 a report by WHO conveyed that, eating processed meat like ham, bacon and hot dogs increases your risk for colon cancer (The New York Times 2015).
E-cigarettes too can harm lungs: Electronic cigarettes, seen by many as a healthy alternative to tobacco smoking, can be harmful to the lungs, revealed by a study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine in January 22, 2015. As reported e-cigarettes or vapes contain cancer causing formaldehyde level that is 15 times more than a normal cigarette. (CEBu 2015).
The year 2015 saw many historical medical advancements, new treatments and therapies in preventing life-threatening illnesses paving path towards a healthier life. Hope 2016 comes up with many more advancements in the field of medicine that can promote health and improve the quality of life for all of us.