Diagnostic Laparoscopy, also known simply as Laparoscopy, is a surgical as well as a diagnostic procedure using an instrument called laparoscope to examine or operate on abdominal organs with a keyhole technique. The laparoscope is a long and thin tube, having a high resolution camera and high-intensity light, connected to a video monitor outside wherein the doctors can view the condition of the organs and other parts.
Laparoscopy is a minimally-invasive procedure with low risk since only small keyhole incisions are made. The most advantageous thing about this procedure is the fact that doctors can examine the patient’s body in real time without a full-fledged open surgery, which incidentally comes along with high levels of post-surgery pain and high intensity care.
Why Should You Opt For Laparoscopy
Besides being a low risk surgical procedure, laparoscopy also has a few other benefits. These include:
Nominal surgical scars and lower risk of infection Reduced blood loss during surgery and pain post-surgery A shorter hospital stay and the ability to resume normal routine earlier
How You Need To Prepare Yourself
Laparoscopy, even though a nominally invasive, needs a few preparatory measures. These are:
Telling your doctor about any medication that you may be on Telling your doctor whether you are pregnant Avoiding food and water for approximately eight hours before the procedure
Medications are what you must be most wary of as the doctor may ask you to put it on hold or change the dosage for a few days before or after the surgery. These are mostly applicable for drugs such as:
Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) Anticoagulants and other medications that affect blood clotting Vitamin K and herbal or dietary supplements
Why Laparoscopy Is Recommended
Laparoscopy is prescribed by doctors when non-invasive techniques such as Ultrasound, CT Scan or MRI fail to diagnose the cause of abdominal or pelvic pain. This surgical diagnostic key hole procedure can even be used to perform a biopsy, besides general diagnosis of diseases, in abdominal organs such as:
Small and large bowel Liver Appendix Pancreas Gall Bladder Stomach Pelvic or reproductive organs
The examination of these organs can lead to diagnoses of diseases such as:
Liver diseases Abdominal masses or tumours or fluids in the cavity Progress of cancer
The Risks and Recovery Associated with Laparoscopy
A surgical key hole procedure has a low chance of post-surgery concerns, the rare risks of laparoscopy usually comprise of bleeding and infection. Though sporadically observed in patients, a few other problems that may arise are:
Inflamming abdominal walls Formation of blood clots which may travel to lungs, pelvis or legs Complications from anaesthetic procedures
However, please ensure that you immediately get in touch with your doctor if you observe any of the following symptoms:
Inflammation or bleeding at incision sites Breathing trouble Fever and/or chills Consistent nausea or light-headedness Inability to urinate
These symptoms of key hole surgery rarely occur and patients of laparoscopic surgeries usually recover to resume their daily routine within a week. Patients are usually discharged the very same day as the surgery after being observed for a few hours for their vital statistics. The timing of discharge, although, may change depending on:
The type of anaesthetic Physical reaction to surgery General physical condition
Laparoscopy or key hole surgery has been hailed as the future of surgeries with low levels of pain and lesser recovery periods. With a maximum of four incisions being made for the procedure, the chances of blood loss and infections are highly reduced. Nonetheless, please make sure that you have someone to accompany you at the hospital and also back home since you may be administered general anaesthesia which will disable you from being able to drive for a day or two.
PIH is Port Moresby’s largest private hospital offering more than 14 specialties under one roof, with specialists and technologically advanced equipment being utilized to bring modern healthcare to PNG. PIH houses an advanced endoscopy & laparoscopic unit and our experienced laparoscopic surgeon, Dr Paul Alexander – who can adroitly treat a number of ailments via this new and innovative technique. Do call us at 79988000 for any query that you might have. You can also email us at firstname.lastname@example.org
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