Urology: Specialized Treatments For Your Pelvic Organs

Genitourinary surgery, also known as urology, is a branch of medicine focusing on diseases related to the urinary tract (both male and female) as well as male reproductive organs. Being closely linked, the urinary and reproductive organs are often found to affect each other and as a result of this, the entire domain comprises of organs under genito-urinary surgery including:

  • Adrenal glands
  • Uterus
  • Urinary bladder
  • Kidney
  • Urethra
  • Prostate
  • Penis
  • Testes
  • Vas deferens
  • Epididymis
  • Seminal vesicles


Urology includes medical conditions such as benign prostatic hyperplasia or urinary tract infections as well as surgical treatments of kidney stones, stress incontinence, congenital abnormalities, traumatic injuries and prostate cancer. This division is closely associated with other sections of medical practice such as gynaecology, colorectal surgery, endocrinology, oncology, pediatric surgery, nephrology, gastroenterology and andrology.

Laser Prostate Surgery

Prostatectomy is surgery performed for partial or complete removal of the prostrate. This is due to prostate bleeding, urinary problems, prostate cancer and an enlarged prostate. The success of the surgery will help you overcome Retrograde ejaculation (ejaculation of semen into the bladder instead of through the urethra) in men. This can be reduced by:

  • TURP (Transurethral Resection of the Prostate) and TUIP (Transurethral Incision of the Prostate)
  • Laser procedures help provide relief especially in case of urinary flow and many BPH (Benign prostatic hyperplasia) There are fewer side effects with Laser procedures than others.

Urologic Surgeries Urologic surgeries have been mostly revolutionized with the introduction of laparoscopic procedure involving large-scale use of robotics, unlike the early twentieth century which involved open abdominal surgeries with lengthy hospital stays.


Urologic surgeries constitute the treatment of conditions such as:


  • Spinal cord injuries
  • Chronic digestive and urinary diseases
  • Injuries to pelvic organs
  • Prostate infections and inflammations
  • Kidney stones, diseases and infections
  • Penile dysfunction
  • Pancreatic diseases
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Genitourinary tract infections

Risks Associated With Urologic Treatments

Urologic surgeries are mostly low-risk ones, especially with the introduction of laparoscopic and ultrasound procedures. However, risk levels ultimately depend on the nature and degree of the surgery as well as the patient’s physical reactions. Both laparoscopic as well as open surgeries include basic bleeding and infection risks while open surgeries include risks like inflammation and reactions with the lungs and heart. Leakage protection risks sometimes accompany postoperative urinary incontinence while kidney removals and transplants can have significant risks due to the radical extent of the surgeries.

Recovery Periods

With the introduction of minimally invasive procedures like laparoscopy for surgeries such as prostate cancer, hospital stays have significantly reduced as well as recovery periods wherein patients can stay resume daily activities within a week. Basis the organ associated with, some urologic surgeries however may require catheter and stents which would require longer hospital stays and thus a significant recovery time.


PIH is Port Moresby’s largest private hospital offering more than 14 specialties under one roof, with specialists and technologically advanced equipment being utilized to bring modern healthcare to PNG. PIH has a specialist for internal Medicine as well as regularly arranging for international urologist to fly down to Port Moresby to offer consultation to people suffering from such problems. Do call us at 79988000 for any query that you might have. You can also email us at info@pihpng.com


The information available on this blog related to images, graphics, text and other content is available for educational purposes only. Seek the advice of your doctor in respect to questions on a medical condition or treatment and do not disregard the doctor’s professional advice after reading information on this blog.