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Endoscopy and Colonoscopy Studies


As the first healthcare facility in PNG that has a fully equipped Endoscopy suite, PIH offers early detection of esophageal and colon cancer services.

Endoscopy is a nonsurgical procedure used to examine the digestive tract. Using an endoscope, a flexible tube with a light and camera attached to it, your doctor can view pictures of your digestive tract on a colour TV monitor. During an upper endoscopy, an endoscope is easily passed through the mouth and throat and into the esophagus, allowing the doctor to view the esophagus, stomach and upper part of the small intestine. Similarly, endoscopes can be passed into the large intestine (colon) through the rectum to examine the parts of the intestine. This procedure is called sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy, depending on how far up the colon is examined.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer in some parts of the world, and the second leading cause of cancer death in those regions. Colonoscopy has an important role in the localisation of malignant lesions for subsequent identification at the time of surgery.

A special form of endoscopy called endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a procedure that combines upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy and X-rays to treat problems of the bile and pancreatic ducts. ERCP is also used to diagnose problems that allow pictures of the pancreas, gallbladder and related structures to be taken.